Differential Diagnosis

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Tailored messaging increases understanding of climate change in Republicans

blog post image A team of researchers at Yale University's Yale Program on Climate Change Communication has found that the use of tailored advertising can increase awareness among Republicans of the dangers posed by climate change. In their paper published in the journal Nature Climate Change, the group describes field...

Human remains from Mary Rose show diversity of Tudor crew

blog post image A team of researchers with Cardiff University, the Mary Rose Trust, HM Naval Base and the British Geological Survey's National Environmental Isotope Facility has found evidence of racial diversity among the crew of the Mary Rose—a warship from the time of King Henry the VIII. In their paper published...

Effectiveness of a serious game addressing guideline adherence: cohort study with 1.5-year follow-up Tobias Raupach. Insa

blog post image Background Patients presenting with acute shortness of breath and chest pain should be managed according to guideline recommendations. Serious games can be used to train clinical reasoning. However, only few studies have used outcomes beyond student satisfaction, and most of the published evidence is...

Study shows conversations rarely end when people want them to end

blog post image "A team of researchers from Harvard University, the University of Pennsylvania's Wharton School and the University of Virginia has found that conversations between people usually do not end when either partner in the conversation wants them to end. In their paper published in Proceedings of the National...

Simulations suggest Earth's oxygen-rich atmosphere will last only another billion years

blog post image A pair of researchers from Toho University and NASA Nexus for Exoplanet System Science has found evidence, via simulation, that Earth will lose its oxygen-rich atmosphere in approximately 1 billion years. In their paper published in the journal Nature Geoscience, Kazumi Ozaki and Christopher Reinhard...

Bird believed extinct for 170 years spotted in Borneo

blog post image A team of researchers from Indonesia and Singapore has found evidence of the continued existence of a bird long thought extinct. In their paper published in the journal BirdingASIA, the team describes the history of the bird, why it was thought to be extinct and how it was found in Borneo.

Decade-long study shows half of all rivers in the world heavily impacted by humans

blog post image A team of researchers from several institutions in France and China has conducted a decade-long study of the degree of human impact on river systems around the world over the past two centuries. In their paper published in the journal Science, the group describes their study and what their findings revealed.

Frontline workers left "risking lives to provide treatment and care"

blog post image "The Department for Health and Social Care's decision to prioritise hospitals at the beginning of the pandemic meant social care providers were left exposed by lack of PPE, says the House of Commons Public Accounts Committee in its first report on PPE procurement published today." "While government...

Taking the temperature of the ocean by measuring the speed of sound waves passing through it

blog post image Taking the temperature of the ocean by measuring the speed of sound waves passing through it: A team of researchers from the California Institute of Technology and the Chinese Academy of Sciences has developed a way to detect changes in ocean temperatures by measuring sound waves generated by underwater...

Journalists perceive stories published in local news outlets to be less newsworthy

blog post image Journalists perceive stories published in local news outlets to be less newsworthy: Plus: "Cultural competence" through diverse sourcing; limitations in how journalists represent public opinion; and lessons from studying 7,000 news push notifications.

Robin Dunbar suggests negative impact of pandemic on friendships likely to be fleeting

blog post image Psychologist suggests negative impact of pandemic on friendships likely to be fleeting: Robin Ian MacDonald Dunbar, a psychologist at the University of Oxford, has conducted a review of the literature and concluded that the impact of the pandemic on friendships is likely to be fleeting. He has published...

Elevated CO2, increased leaf-level productivity, and water-use efficiency during the early Miocene: Abstract. Rising atmospheric

blog post image Elevated CO2, increased leaf-level productivity, and water-use efficiency during the early Miocene: Abstract. Rising atmospheric CO2 is expected to increase global temperatures, plant water-use efficiency, and carbon storage in the terrestrial biosphere. A CO2 fertilization effect on terrestrial vegetation...

Coronavirus COVID-19 SARS-CoV-2 information

blog post image A collection of information sources for COVID-19. The NHS 111 online COVID-19 service. The first point of call for someone in the UK who thinks they have symptoms or have been exposed whilst travelling. The NHS Coronavirus COVID-19 information webpage. UK Government's Coronavirus action plan. Public...

Mayfly populations falling fast in North America

blog post image "Mayfly populations falling fast in North America: A team of researchers from the University of Oklahoma, Virginia Tech and the University of Notre Dame has found that populations of mayflies in parts of North America have fallen dramatically in recent years. In their paper published in the Proceedings...

Moore's outcomes framework and related papers

blog post image Outcomes-based planning for CME (Continuing Medical Education) often cites Donald Moore, Professor of Medical Education at Vanderbilt University. In 2009 he published an outcomes framework for CME (1) - which expanded George Miller's 1990 competency pyramid (2) - followed by a more detailed explanation...

Autonomy, Belonging, Competence. GMC reports on the ABC of wellbeing.

blog post image Caring for doctors Caring for patients: An independent report into the wellbeing of UK medical students and doctors. "In 2018 we commissioned Professor Michael West and Dame Denise Coia, to carry out a UK-wide review to help tackle the causes of poor wellbeing faced by medical students and doctors. ...

Publication bias is a challenge in science and a criticism of the influence of industry.

blog post image Publication bias is a challenge in science and a criticism of the influence of industry. In the domain of biosciences and drug development more accountability (e.g. the FDAAA 2007), editorial and peer-review training (as suggested by the Cochrane Collaboration), and statistical techniques (as championed...

Physicians reported less burnout and emotional exhaustion after receiving short-term professional coaching.

blog post image Physicians reported less burnout and emotional exhaustion after receiving short-term professional coaching, according to a pilot trial published in JAMA Internal Medicine. Counseling Reduces Physician Burnout Anita Slomski. JAMA. 2019;322(16):1544 This editorial in JAMA comments on the recent paper:...

Using artificial intelligence to read chest radiographs for tuberculosis detection: A multi-site evaluation

blog post image Using artificial intelligence to read chest radiographs for tuberculosis detection: A multi-site evaluation of the diagnostic accuracy of three deep learning systems: Deep learning (DL) neural networks have only recently been employed to interpret chest radiography (CXR) to screen and triage people for...

How do you define a scenario? Researchers in Futures & Foresight Science suggest an approach based on published literature.

blog post image How do you define a scenario? Researchers in Futures & Foresight Science suggest an approach based on published literature. The approach suggests a series of questions (see diagram) to challenge a particular phenomenon to check if it is a scenario that can be used in future planning - or if it is...